From bizarre ways for cleaning wounds to partying in the cemetery. Here are 10 medieval interesting history facts.
10- Pointy shoes were in trend
Today, if you decided to wear long pointed shoes, you might look a little eccentric, to say the least. In medieval times, pointy shoes were all the rage. Forget Adidas. If you wanted to look cool in the 14th and 15th century, you would wear a Krakows, named after the former Polish capital of Krakow. These shoes might have been fashionable, but they were not practical. They were very pointed out. Any long gaited making it a little ridiculous to just walk around and if you stood too close to someone, they would ruin your nice leather.
You could poke someone in the shin. There’s even a record of people not being able to kneel in prayer because of them. The whole thing went so far that in 1368, Charles, the fifth of France banned the manufacturing of pointy shoes in Paris. But fashion is a fashion and Krakow’s dominated European courts for decades to come. Also, the shoes were expensive. You had to find a talented shoemaker and use only the best quality materials.
Only the elite was brave enough to wear them. The tips were stuffed with moss and some kind of overshoe for support. The richer you were, the more extreme and lengthy the tip. Size mattered except in battle because no one could walk around freely or carry weapons. They hung on for a while but finally, common sense prevailed.
9- Urine was used as an antiseptic
This medical practice, if you could call it that, wasn’t used all the time but there is a lot of evidence that using urine as a form of antiseptic was common in medieval times and it wasn’t done only among the commoners or the simple folk. It was a part of royal medical practice. Doctors could tell what was wrong with people just by looking at their urine and during the Middle Ages, it became a solid tool for doctors, providing them with all kinds of information.
There is also a lot of documentation advising people to treat ulcers, bites and stings with urine, even to fight the plague. Thomas Vicary, who is the surgeon of King Henry the eighth, the one with the six wives advised for all battle wounds to be washed with urine to clean them up and prevent infection. While this was technically after the Middle Ages, the information all came from their experience. In those days, urine was the most sterile thing around because even the water was a little iffy, interesting history facts.
Even the Aztecs are said to have used urine to disinfect wounds but don’t get any ideas because now, while you could use it to flush out your wound in a pinch, there are much much better alternatives. After all, there are advantages to not living in the Middle Ages anymore.
8- Football was banned in England
Who would have thought that the country which popularized this sport was the one that banned it in the first place? But it’s true. At one point, playing football wasn’t allowed in England. You can imagine that medieval times were completely different from what we know today and this goes for playing football as well. In those days, football was played everywhere without any strict regulations, and it was gruesome and violent. It’s also known as mob football as it involved a mob of people. This was played between neighbouring towns and villages.
The number of opposing players wasn’t strictly defined and the ball was, in fact, an inflated pig’s bladder. The rule was no murder, but everything else was pretty much allowed. Imagine having a mob scene with everyone punching and screaming at each other in front of your house. Not a pretty sight. I can tell you that. The whole thing got so out of hand that King Edward the second decided to ban football in 1314.
In the following centuries, more than 20 different bans were imposed. As it turned out, no ban could stop the English from enjoying football. The only difference today is that now we also have rugby. For those of you who prefer a little more contact sport, interesting history facts.
7- No fork
Although the fork was invented in ancient times, this cutlery item was not used extensively throughout the Middle Ages. It’s not like no one known about its existence, but it wasn’t all that popular. However, spoons and knives were other things entirely. Everyone loved those. The fork just didn’t catch on. Why not? Well, there are multiple theories about this, but the general idea is that for some reason the fork was considered strange and uncivilized. It looked barbaric and reminded people of the devil’s pitchfork.
The proper way to eat was to pick up things with your fingers while the fork was a sign of pure savagery. Medieval Europe simply detested the idea of using forks during meals. In the 11th century, a Venetian nobleman married a BISAN teen princess, and during their wedding feast, the princess shocked everyone by using a fork. How dare she?
The local clergy said that God had already provided us with our fingers. So using an artificial fork was offensive. It took a few hundred years, but eventually, everyone started to realize how practical it was and the fork became part of everyday life. Unlike the pointy shoes,interesting history facts.
6- Cemeteries were lively places
This is the last place you would associate with fun and games. But it turns out that in medieval times, the cemeteries were pretty different places. They were more than places to bury your dead. They were full of social activity. Many of the important town or village events took place in cemeteries, for example, things such as elections, sermons, public debates, trials and even plays were conducted in cemeteries or right next to them.
At night, they became the place of business for women of the night, if you know what I mean. The historian Phillipe Areas claims that medieval cemeteries were places of trade and commerce because they belong to the church and were thus exempt from taxation. Clever, huh? This is why many small business owners didn’t shy away from conducting their activities in these places. Imagine a world where the best place to do business is the local cemetery. Crazy, right?
What the heck is that? This is one of the weirdest medieval beliefs. It was a method for proving that a suspected murderer was indeed guilty. The idea behind it was as follows. If you bring the body of a murdered person in front of their alleged murderer, the body will let off the blood. Yep, that’s the whole concept. If it was difficult to prove that someone was guilty of murder, the victim’s corpse was brought to them and they were ordered to put their hands on the corpse. If the corpse bled or if there were any other unusual signs, it meant that the accused was guilty.
This method was a part of a group of laws called the dramatic laws used in the middle Ages, and it was used in countries such as Germany, Poland and Bohemia, present-day Czech Republic. In Germany, it was used as a legitimate legal method until the mid 18th century. King James of England also approved of this method as a legitimate way to condemn the murderer, interesting history facts.
After the Protestant Reformation, things slowly started to change in countries such as Denmark and Norway cruentation was seen as unwarranted from a legal standpoint, and a lot of priests even forbade its use, which good thing, because otherwise, we would all be in trouble.
4- No peasants
Contrary to popular belief, peasants as such. Didn’t exist in medieval times when we now think of a peasant. Often people imagine a person living off the land in a tiny little house with a large family and a bunch of domestic animals. But in the Middle Ages, the social class system was completely different and peasants, as we view them today were nowhere to be seen.
At least they didn’t identify themselves as such. The actual term peasant comes from French but it didn’t come around until the 15th century. Before that, everything was different. People working the land were divided into several distinct categories following a strict hierarchy. If we look at the famous English land survey from 1086 the Doomsday Book, the country folk can be divided into several categories, including Freeman serfs and some slaves but all of these people lived under feudal lords and they had to pay rent and go to war for their lord if necessary.
Interesting history facts for being a farmer could be less than ideal work, and living in the Middle Ages for the average Joe was pretty tough.
3- Becoming a knight was hard
This might not come as a shock to many of you, but the joy of fighting in tournaments, the code of chivalry and the glory of winning battles. All of it is now associated with medieval knights. However, the problem is that it wasn’t at all easy to become a knight in the first place. First of all, you had to be filthy rich to even attempt it. It’s like becoming a professional athlete today. If you don’t have solid financial backing, chances are you won’t make it to the top.
To become a knight, you had to be of noble origin and have enough money to afford a horse, armour and weapons. It wasn’t petty cash. Let me tell you, it was like owning a Ferrari today. Wealthy families would send off their boy to a noble’s house around the age of eight. There he would become a page, which is a servant running errands for his noble.
Then at the age of 14, he would become a squire going through rigorous training until the age of 21, when he would finally be dubbed a knight and take the oath of chivalry. Being a knight was a great honour because becoming one was an ordeal. Also, the knights were not always charming. It was more like Game of Thrones than King Arthur, just saying interesting history facts.
2- Bloodletting cures everything
Bloodletting along with leeching was a common practice during these times and afterwards because the Victorians loved this too. Since blood circulation is essential to our well-being, mediæval physicians believed that by getting rid of bad blood, literally they would cure a patient and help them feel healthy again. How they knew exactly how much blood is enough and why only the bad blood would go out. Is anyone’s guess but they sure did it and they went so far as to assume that bloodletting was generally beneficial for the body.
Feeling depressed, got a cough, typhoid fever, the plague if you didn’t have an open wound to spill some urine on. Then bloodletting was the solution to all of your problems, interesting history facts.
1-Bone houses in medieval cemeteries
There was a big problem with overcrowding. And to make up for the much-needed space bones of dead people were Exuma and put in places called ossuaries or bone houses. Now, mix this with the human need for creativity and you get nice little works of art. Bones were often arranged and ossuaries for aesthetic appeal and religious messages, interesting history facts.
In these times, the church had an integral role in society and the idea of the afterlife was nurtured and discussed all the time. The idea behind making ossuaries was to have believers contemplating their mortal condition and the approach of death by looking at these arranged bones. A person would see all the fleeting this of life and futility of earthly delights, since, of course, we’re all headed in the same direction today. This sounds pretty morbid, but in those days it was more common than you’d believe.
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